Unit 4 > Factors positively influencing health and well-being > Stimulating work, education and leisure

Stimulating work, education and leisure


Employment provides an income and  a standard of living that prevents poverty.         It gives individuals:

  • Security and stability
  • Skills
  • The financial independence to purchase luxury goods and afford a healthy lifestyle
  • The means to improve social relationships
  • The opportunities for further education and training
  • An improved self concept by gaining  confidence, self esteem, feeling valued  and having self worth
  • Less stress so they are healthier


At school or college individuals mix with others, find out what the areas they have ability in(good at) or lack ability in(bad at), learn ideas that help them understand their lives and the world around them.   Education  is regarded as a way out of poverty.  The higher the level of education achieved by an individual will give access to  a greater the range of jobs.   It is  recognised that those individuals who achieve a higher level of education tend to look after their health better.

The benefits of education to an individual:

  • Gain more knowledge and skills
  • Have a wider circle of friends
  • Gives a sense of achievement and a feeling of success
  • Increases the chance of getting a job
  • Qualifications for an appropriate job
  • It can be a cause of stress so it helps individuals cope with stressful situations e.g. examinations, being bullied

Leisure activity

Leisure is an important part of everyday life because it:

  • Develops supportive relationships
  • Prevents social isolation
  • Reduces stress
  • Stimulates the mind and may help  physical development
  • Gives a sense of achievement and purpose
  • Raises self esteem
  • Provides something to look forward to